Brazil’s government has closed down a vast national reserve in the Amazon to open up the area to mining.
A decree from President Michel Temer abolished a protected area known as the National Reserve of Copper and Associates (Renca), that extends across the northern states of Amapa and Para, and is thought to be rich in gold, and other minerals.
The mining and energy ministry said protected forest areas and indigenous reserves will not be affected and nine conservation and indigenous land areas within it would continue to be legally protected, as about 30% of it will be open to mining..
“The objective of the measure is to attract new investments, generating wealth for the country and employment and income for society, always based on the precepts of sustainability,” the ministry said in a statement.
Activists have voiced concern that these areas could be badly compromised.
Maurício Voivodic, head of the conservation body WWF in Brazil, warned last month that mining in the area would lead to “demographic explosion, deforestation, the destruction of water resources, the loss of biodiversity and the creation of land conflict”.
According to the WWF report, “the main area of interest for copper and gold exploration is in one of the protected areas, the Biological Reserve of Maicuru.
“There is also said to be gold in the Para State forest, which lies within the area.
“There is potential for conflict too, in two indigenous reserves that are home to various ethnic communities living in relative isolation and a gold rush in the region could create irreversible damage to these cultures.
“If the government insisted on opening up these areas for mining without discussing environmental safeguards it will have to deal with an international outcry.”