The United States, on Monday, launched a bid at the UN Security Council to quickly slap the “strongest possible measures” on North Korea in response to its sixth and most powerful nuclear test, but China and Russia argued that diplomatic talks were needed to address the crisis.
US Ambassador Nikki Haley said, at an emergency council meeting, that Washington will present a new sanctions resolution to the council to be negotiated in the coming days, with a view of voting on it next Monday.
“Only the strongest sanctions will enable us to resolve this problem through diplomacy,” Haley said.
North Korea, on Sunday, triggered global alarm when it detonated what it described as a hydrogen bomb designed for a long-range missile.
The underground blast had a yield of between 50 and 100 kilotons, or on average more than five times more powerful than the bomb detonated over Hiroshima, UN political affairs chief Jeffrey Feltman told the council.
Haley stated that incremental sanctions imposed on Pyongyang since 2006 had failed and accused North Korean leader Kim Jong-Un of “begging for war.”
“War is never something the United States wants. We don’t want it now. But our country’s patience is not unlimited,” she declared. “North Korea has basically slapped everyone in the face in the international community that has asked them to stop.”
Haley did not spell out what measures Washington was seeking, but diplomats said they could target oil supplies to North Korea, potentially dealing a major blow to the economy.
New sanctions could also seek to curb tourism to North Korea and ban North Korean labourers sent abroad, mostly to Russia and China, to earn hard currency for the regime, diplomats said.
The draft text was expected to be presented to the 14 other council members on Tuesday as the United States sought to respond quickly to reports that North Korea was preparing another missile launch.
South Korea’s defence ministry said Pyongyang may be preparing another missile launch after two tests in July of intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) that apparently brought much of the US mainland into range.
At the UN, China’s ambassador Liu Jieyi warned that the crisis was worsening and emphasized the need for dialogue and a diplomatic solution. “China will never allow chaos and war on the (Korean) peninsula,” he asserted.
Liu urged the parties to agree to a Chinese-Russian plan calling for the North to suspend its missile and nuclear tests, and the United States and South Korea to suspend joint military exercises.
Haley rejected the proposal saying: “When a rogue regime has a nuclear weapon and an ICBM pointed at you, you do not take steps to lower your guard. No one would do that. We certainly won’t.”
Russia said it would study the new US proposals for sanctions, but again stressed those measures alone would not resolve the crisis. “This is not the way to get parties to the table to seek a political solution,” said Russian Ambassador Vassily Nebenzia.
The council has imposed seven sets of sanctions on North Korea since it first tested a nuclear device in 2006, but Pyongyang has repeatedly found ways to circumvent the measures.